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FUD Copy Pastas

**Last updated: May 30, 2018: Updated wallet info with release of Trinity.
This 4 part series from the IOTA foundation covers most of the technical FUD centered at IOTA.
Also the official IOTA faq on iota.org answers nearly all of these questions if you want to hear the answers directly.
Purpose of Writing
Since posting FUD is so ridiculously low-effort in comparison to setting the record straight, I felt it necessary to put a log of copy-pastas together to balance the scales so its just as easy to answer the FUD as it was to generate it. So next time you hear someone say "IOTA is centralized", you no longer have to take an hour out of your day and spin your wheels with someone who likely had an agenda to begin with. You just copy-paste away and move on.
It's also worth mentioning IOTA devs are too damn busy working on the protocol and doing their job to answer FUD. So I felt a semblance of responsibility.
Here they are. These answers are too my understanding so if you see something that doesn't look right let me know! They are divided into the following categories so if you are interested in a specific aspect of IOTA you can scroll to that section.


IOTA was hacked and users funds were stolen!

First, IOTA was not hacked. The term “hacked” is thrown around way too brazingly nowadays and often used to describe events that weren’t hacks to begin with. Its a symptom of this space growing way too fast creating situations of the blind leading the blind and causing hysteria.
What happened:
Many IOTA users trusted a certain 3rd party website to create their seed for their wallets. This website silently sent copies of all the seeds generated to an email address and waited till it felt it had enough funds, then it took everyones money simultaneously. That was the ”hack”.
The lesson:
The absolute #1 marketed feature of crypto is that you are your own bank. Of everything that is common knowledge about crypto, this is at the top. But being your own bank means you are responsible for the security of your own funds. There is no safety net or centralized system in place that is going to bail you out.
For those that don’t know (and you really should if you’ve invested in anything crypto), your seed is your username-pw-security question-backup email all rolled into one. Would you trust a no-name 3rd party website to produce your username+pw for your bank account? Because thats essentially what users did.
The fix:
Make your seed offline with the generators in the sidebar or use dice. This is outlined in the “how to generate wallet and seed” directly following.
The trinity and carriota wallets will have seed generators within them upon their release.

How to generate wallet and seed

1) Download official trinity wallet here
2) follow the instructions on the app.
3) Do not run any apps in conjunction with the trinity app. Make sure all other apps are completely closed out on your device.

Are you sure a computer can’t just guess my seed?

An IOTA seed is 81 characters long. There are more IOTA seed combinations than atoms in the universe. All the computers in the world combined would take millions billions of years just to find your randomly generated one that’s located somewhere between the 0th and the 2781st combination. The chance for someone to randomly generate the exact same seed as yours is 1 / (2781).
If you can’t fathom the number 27 ^ 81, this video should help:

Why is Trinity wallet taking so long!!??

Trinity is out. https://trinity.iota.org/


IOTA introduction video to share with family


Tangle visualizers


How to setup a full node

Download Bolero and run! Bolero is an all-in-one full node install package with the latest IOTA IRI and Nelson all under a one-click install!
"If you want to help the network then spam the network. If you really want to help the network then create a full node and let others spam you!"

No questions or concerns get upvoted, only downvoted!

That’s just the nature of this business. Everyone in these communities has money at stake and are extremely incentivized to keep only positive news at the top of the front page. There is nothing you're going to do about that on this subreddit or any crypto subreddit. It's just a reddit fact of life we have to deal with. Everyone has a downvote and everyone has an upvote. But what can be done is just simply answer the questions even if they are downvoted to hell. Yea most people wont' see the answers or discussion but that one person will. every little bit counts.
I will say that there are most certainly answers to nearly every FUD topic out there. Every single one. A lot of the posts I'm seeing as of late especially since the price spike are rehashed from months ago. They are often not answered not because there isn't an answeexplanation, but because regulars who have the answers simply don't see them (for the reason listed above). I can see how it's easy for this to be interpreted (especially by new users) as there not being an answer or "the FUDsters are on to something" but thats just not the case.

Developer's candidness (aka dev's are assholes!)

Lastly and to no surprise, David conducts himself very professionally in this interview even when asked several tough questions about the coordinator and MIT criticism.

IOTA Devs do not respond appropriately to criticism

When critiquers provide feedback that is ACTUALLY useful to the devs, then sure they'll be glad to hear it. So far not once has an outside dev brought up something that the IOTA devs found useful. Every single time it ends up being something that was already taken into consideration with the design and if the critiquer did an ounce of research they would know that. Thus you often find the IOTA devs dismissing their opinion as FUD and responding with hostility because all their critique is really doing is sending the message to their supporters that they are not supposed to like IOTA anymore.
Nick Johnson was a perfect example of this. The Ethereum community was co-existing [peacefully]with IOTA’s community (as they do with nearly all alt coins) until Nick wrote his infamous article. Then almost overnight Ethereum decided it didn’t like IOTA anymore and we’ve been dealing with that shit since. As of today, add LTC to that list with Charlie’s (even admitting) ignorant judgement of IOTA.
12/17/2017: Add John McAfee (bitcoin cash) and Peter Todd (bitcoin) to the list of public figures who have posted ignorantly on IOTA.

A lot of crypto communities certainly like to hate on IOTA...

IOTA is disrupting the disrupters. It invented a completely new distributed ledger infrastructure (the tangle) that replaces the blockchain and solves all of its fundamental problems (namely fees and scaling). To give you an idea of this significance, 99% of the cryptocurrencies that exist are built on a block chain. These projects have billions of dollars invested into them meaning everyone in their communities are incentivized to see IOTA fail and spread as much FUD about it as possible. This includes well known organizations, public figures, and brands. Everyone commenting in these subreddits and crypto communities have their own personal money at stake and skin in the game. Misinformation campaigns, paid reddit posters, upvote/downvote bots, and corrupt moderators are all very real in this space.


How do I buy IOTA


What is the IOTA foundation?

IOTA foundation is a non-profit established in Germany and recognized by the European Union. Blog post here: https://blog.iota.org/iota-foundation-fb61937c9a7e

How many companies and organizations are interested, partnered or actively using IOTA?

A lot, and often too many to keep up with.

How was IOTA distributed?

All IOTAs that will ever exist were sold at the ICO in 2015. There was no % reserved for development. Devs had to buy in with their personal money. Community donated back 5% of all IOTA so the IOTA foundation could be setup.

No inflation schedule? No additional coins? How is this sustainable?

Interestingly enough, IOTA is actually the only crypto that does not run into any problems with a currency cap and deflationaryism. Because there are zero fees, you will always be able to pay for something for exactly what it's worth using IOTA, no matter how small the value. If by chance in the future a single iota grows so large in value that it no longer allows someone to pay for something in fractions of a penny, the foundation would just add decimal points allowing for a tenth or a hundreth or a thousandth of an iota to be transacted with.
To give you some perspective, if a single IOTA equals 1 penny, IOTA would have a 27 trillion dollar market cap (100x that of Bitcoin's today)

IOTA is not for P2P, only for M2M

With the release of the trinity wallet, it's now dead simple for anyone to use IOTA funds for P2P. Try it out.

Companies technically don’t have to use the IOTA token

Yes they do
Worth clarifying that 0 iota data transactions are perfectly fine and are welcomed since they still provide pow for 2 other transactions and help secure the network. In the early stages, these types of transactions will probably be what give us the tps/pow needed to remove the coordinator and allow the network defend 34% attacks organically.
But... if someone does not want to sell or exchange their data for free (0 IOTA transaction), then Dominic is saying that the IOTA token must be used for that or any exchange in value on the network.
This is inherently healthy for the ecosystem since it provides a neutral and non-profit middle ground that all parties/companies can trust. If one company made their own token it wouldn’t be trusted since companies are incentivized by profits and nothing is stopping them from manipulating their token to make them more money. Thus, the IOTA foundation will not partner with anyone who refuses to take this option off the table.

All these companies are going to influence IOTA development!!

These companies have no influence on the development of IOTA. They either choose to use it or they don’t.

Internet of things is cheap and will stay cheap

Internet of things is one application of IOTA and considered by many to be the 4th industrial revolution. Go do some googling. IOTA having zero fees enables M2M for the first time in history. Also, if a crypto can do M2M it sure as shit can do M2P and P2P. M2M is hard mode.

IOTA surpassing speculation

IOTA, through the data marketplace and [qubic](qubic.iota.org), will be the first crypto to surpass speculation and actually be used in the real world for something. From there, it will branch out into other use cases, such as P2P. Or maybe P2P use of IOTA will grow in parallel with M2M, because why not?
12/19/17 update: Bosch reinforces IOTA's break-out from speculation by buying IOTA tokens for its future use in the data marketplace. https://i.redd.it/8e5b8bi9ov401.png

Investing in a new project barely off the ground

Investing in a project in its early stages was something typically reserved for wealthy individuals/organizations before ICO’s became a thing. With early investing comes much less hand holding and more responsibility on the user to know what they are doing. If you have a hard time accepting this responsibility, don’t invest and wait for the technology to get easier for you. How many people actually knew how to use and mine bitcoin in 2009 before it had all its gui infrastructure?
IOTA is a tangle, the first of its kind. NOT a copy paste blockchain. As a result wallets and applications for IOTA are the first of their kind and translating the tangle into a nice clean user-friendly blockchain experience for the masses is even more taxing.

Why is the price of my coin falling?!

This may be the most asked question on any crypto subreddit but it's also the easiest to explain. The price typically falls when bad things happen to a coin or media fabricates bad news about a coin and a portion of investors take it seriously. The price increases when good things happen to a coin, such as a new exchange listing or a partnership announced etc.. The one piece that is often forgotten but trumps all these effects is something called "market forces".
Market forces is what happens to your coin when another coin gets a big news hit or a group of other coins get big news hits together. For example, when IOTA data marketplace released, IOTA hit a x5 bull run in a single week. But did you notice all the other alt coins in the red? There are a LOT of traders that are looking at the space as a whole and looking to get in on ANY bull action and will sell their other coins to do so. This effect can also be compounded over a long period of time such as what we witnessed when the bitcoin fork FOMO was going on and alt coins were squeezed continuously to feed it for weeks/months.
These examples really just scratch the surface of market forces but the big takeaway is that your coin or any coin will most certainly fall (or rise) in price at the result of what other coins are doing, with the most well known example being bitcoin’s correlation to every coin on the market. If you don't want to play the market-force game or don't have time for it, then you can never go wrong buying and holding.
It's also important to note that there are layers of investors. There's a top layer of light-stepping investors that are a mixture of day traders and gamblers trying to jump in and jump out to make quick money then look for the next buying (or shorting) opportunity at another coin. There's a middle layer of buyers and holders who did their research, believe in the tech and placing their bets it will win out in the long run. And the bottom layer are the founders and devs that are in it till the bitter end and there to see the vision realized. When a coin goes on a bull run, always expect that any day the top layer is going to pack up and leave to the next coin. But the long game is all about that middle layer. That is the layer that will be giving the bear markets their price-drop resistance. That is why the meme "HODL" is so effective because it very elegantly simplifies this whole concept for the common joe and makes them a part of that middle layer regardless if they understand whats going on or not.


How is IOTA free and how does it scale

IOTA is an altruistic system. Proof of work is done in IOTA just like bitcoin. Only a user’s device/phone must do pow for 2 other transactions before issuing one of its own. Therefore no miners and no fees. And the network becomes faster the more transactions are posted. Because of this, spamming the network is encouraged since they provide pow for 2 other transactions and speed up the network.

IOTA is centralized

IOTA is more decentralized than any blockchain crypto that relies on 5 pools of miners, all largely based in China. Furthermore, the coordinator is not a server in the dev’s basement that secretly processes all the transactions. It’s several nodes all around the globe that add milestone transactions to show the direction of the IF’s tangle within the DAG so people don’t accidentally follow a fork from a malicious actor. Anyone with the know-how can fork the tangle right now with a double-spend. But no one would follow their fork because the coordinator reveals which tangle is the legit IF one. If the coordinator wasn’t there (assuming low honest-transaction volume), there would be no way to discern which path to follow especially after the tangle diverges into forks of forks. Once throughout of honest transactions is significant enough, the “honest tangle” will replace the coordinated one and people will know which one to follow simply because it’s the biggest one in the room.
Referencing the coordinator is also optional.
Also, if you research and understand how IOTA intends to work without the coordinator, it’s easier to accept it for now as training wheels. I suggest reading pg 15 and on of the white paper analyzing in great depth how the network will defend different attack scenarios without a coordinator. For the past several months, IOTA foundation has been using St Petersburg college’s super computer to stress test IOTA and learn when they can turn the coordinator off. There will likely be a blog about the results soon.
This is another great read covering double spends on IOTA without a coordinator: www.tangleblog.com/2017/07/10/is-double-spending-possible-with-iota/
This too: http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7eix4a/any_iota_guru_that_can_explain_what_this_guy_is/dq5ijrm
Also this correspondence with Vitalik and Come_from_Beyond https://twitter.com/DavidSonstebo/status/932510087301779456
At the end of the day, outstanding claims require outstanding evidence and folks approaching IOTA with a “I’ll believe it when I see it” attitude is completely understandable. It’s all about your risk tolerance.

Can IOTA defend double spend attacks?

99% of these “but did they think about double spend attacks?” type questions could just be answered if people went and did their own research. Yes of course they thought about that. That’s like crypto101…

Will IOTA have smart contracts?

Yes - qubic.iota.org

Trinary vs binary?

"By using a ternary number system, the amount of devices and cycles can be reduced significantly. In contrast to two-state devices, multistate devices provide better radix economy with the option for further scaling"

Bitcoin with lightning network will make IOTA obsolete.

If you want lightning network, IOTA already released it. Called flash channels.

IOTA rolled its own crypto!

This is why: https://blog.iota.org/the-transparency-compendium-26aa5bb8e260
Cybercrypt has been hired to review and audit it. IOTA is currently running SHA-3/KECCAK now until Curl is ready.

MIT said bad things about IOTA

And for official formal closure that MIT was completely wrong:

Nick Johnson says IOTA is bad!

Nick Johnson is an ethereum dev who is incentivized to see IOTA fail, see CFBs twitter responses here.
And this
And this
And this

IOTA is not private!

Masked authenticated messages exist right now so data can be transferred privately. Very important for businesses.

Coin privacy

Centralized coin mixer is out that foundation runs. Logs are kept so they can collect data and improve it Folks can copy the coin mixer code and run it themselves. Goal is for mixer to be decentralized and ran by any node.

How do nodes scale? How on earth can all that data be stored?

Full nodes store, update and verify from the last snapshot, which happens roughly every month. Its on the roadmap to make snapshotting automatic and up to each full node’s discretion.With automatic snapshots, each full node will act as a partial perma-node and choose when to snapshot its tangle data. If someone wants to keep their tangle data for several months or even years, they could just choose not to snapshot. Or if they are limited on hard drive space, they could snapshot every week.
Perma-nodes would store the entire history of the tangle from the genesis. These are optional and would likely only be created by companies who wish to sell historical access of the tangle as a service or companies who heavily use the tangle for their own data and want to have quick, convenient access to their data’s history.
Swarm nodes are also in development which will ease the burden on full nodes. https://blog.iota.org/iota-development-roadmap-74741f37ed01

Node discovery is manual? Wtf?

Nelson is fixing has fixed this:

IOTA open source?

IOTA protocol is open source. The coordinator is closed source open source.

Foundation moved user's funds?


My IOTA donation address:

submitted by mufinz2 to Iota [link] [comments]

It’s great being a Rock(et) Scientist. Part 1.

That reminds me of a story.
Once again, just to set the scene, this was back during my bright college days at the University of Baja Canada – Brewcity. A venerable state-system university set just lakeside in the heart of the Upper East Side of a northern North American city known for its German heritage, bratwurst, and beer.
Lots and lots of beer.
Back when I was in Grad School, pursuing my various Geology degrees, there was always this “friendly” competition between us, the venerable Rock Scientists (geologists, geophysicists, geochemists, etc.) and those ‘other’ guys.
In particular: the Physics fellas and Chemistry cadre (although various denizens of the Clan Engineer snuck into their camp as well).
They were always going on about how “Geology is just glorified stamp collecting”, “Geology isn’t a real science”, and “Physics/Chemistry are the original sciences” sort of crapola.
Of course, you realize, this means war.
Not with conventional weapons or heavy artillery (just yet), but ‘spirited’ interscholastic scientific competitions that have been held annually pitting the forces of good, stalwart, strong Ethanol-enhanced science against those spotty, pocket-protector sporting, sliderule-slipstick jockeys: the dark-world dwelling number-crunchers.
You know, those that could only be enticed out into the field with the opportunity to prove themselves adept only if someone else provides their 3-point-2 beer, pilaf, and tofu.
And we in the Department Geological were just such the team to rise to such an occasion.
Tired of the elegiac whines and wails, not to mention derisive comments, of the Calculator Clan; years ago the Dean of the Mathematics Department (since everyone uses math in one way or another, he was considered necessarily impartial) was dragooned into drafting up a yearly competition between adversaries to settle the annual issue.
He was handsomely rewarded for his efforts with free beer and lunches at the campus Gast Haus (all underwritten by the Geology department…no bribery here, think of it as ‘pump-priming’) for his dreaming-up and evolving what he thought would be a more-or-less equal scientific competition between our two somewhat fractious factions.
These were historically some of the most fanatical, blood-thirsty and insanely-driven competitive tournaments between any antagonists since Alexander the Great took on the Cretans at Sparta (sorry, make that the Spartans at Crete).
There was graft, corruption, dark-shadowing, subornment, shady dealings, theft of equipment and ideas.
We in the Geology Department, on the other hand, just collectively cracked another cold beer.
Now I’m not saying the Geology bunch always emerged victoriously; but when we won, it was by dint of our own work, efforts, and ideas. Also, those wins were always blowouts. The few Physics/Chemistry victories were Pyrrhic, somewhat suspect, and typically won by a mouse’s whisker-margin in the final summation.
Well, I told you that story to tell you this one.
The Geology Department back then was home to a load of real…’characters’: BSs, MSs, PhDs; all of whom will provide their own particular belvedere for this narrative.
We all worked together, field-camped together, shared Grad-student offices together, drank excessively together, and basically saw each other more than our respective families or loved ones.
We worked zealously and played even more manically. Each one of us was pledged to our own particular sub-discipline, so there was no small amount of well-intentioned (well, mostly well-intentioned) internecine rivalry.
Hard rock vs. soft rock.
Petroleum geologists vs. the Waterheads (Hydrogeologists).
Extractive industry types (Coal geologists, Metals geologists, etc.) vs. Environmental geologists.
Everyone thought his or her sub-discipline was superlative; nonetheless, there was the common thread of Geological Science that bound us all together into one large quasi-maladjusted scholastic family group.
“They may be Waterheads; but God Damn it, they are our Waterheads.”
We all came from disparate backgrounds: some locals, some from far afield (we always chuckled at the expense of the displaced Left Coasters when a brisk -250 C wintertime blizzard rolled around) but in one way or another, we were all brothesister Geoscientists.
As such, indoor captivity, no matter how benevolent, was universally loathed. The supplier of much of the captive audience’s contempt were the gormless dorms on site at the university. They were unanimously detested. However, they were the only game in town for some of our less-than-local compadres as that whole Greek-Culture Fraternity and Sorority thing hadn’t really caught on here.
That is, until we discovered “The Farm.”
“The Farm” was precisely that. A huge, 1880s vintage farmhouse which was ground-zero for the families that raised corn, cows and chickens there for nearly a century. Time and suburban sprawl reduced The Farm’s landholdings from the initial 8,000+ acres to a residual paltry ten fenced acres that surrounded the main domicile and the remaining outbuildings.
The venerable family that had worked these difficult Pleistocene glacial grounds for all those years had diminished markedly through attrition and the younger set who resolutely declared that they wanted no part of being a ‘Son of the Soil’.
The aged and sagacious patriarch of the family was well known throughout the whole southeastern region. When word got out that he was calling it a day and putting the old homestead out to pasture, we leapt at the chance.
We approached the paterfamilias and explained that we were very studious, intent and committed college students pursuing advanced science degrees and were in dire need of new digs [pun somewhat intended]. We need space for our studies, our experiments and our sanity as our only option, the dorms, were crowded, noisy, old, and terribly claustrophobic.
It was a wholly thinly-veiled tissue of white lies, sub-truths, and incredible circumstantial embroidery. However, it was all underpinned with the actual complications of too-close-for-comfort living, inadequate working space, and the retention of one’s marbles through bypassing traditional collegiate communal living.
He was impressed that we were all such serious scientists-in-training and when we started dropping subtle geological-based observations of his landhold, he began thinking that we were also not worried about getting our hands dirty with real work; as the place would require some deft deep cleaning, re-painting, and structural repair.
Also, we impressed him with our earnestness of both completing our various degrees, to go out and make the world a better place (and banking truckloads of money in the process…). As well as our deepest respect for his work history and contributions to the area he and his family had made for near the last near 100 years.
He bought it.
For the princely sum of $300 rent and utilities per month, we had procured “The Farm”, the surrounding 10 acres and the outbuildings for our antics. Initially, there were six of us, however, The Farm could easily have held, in comfort, double or even triple that amount (it had a full basement; but for like buildings that old, it was creepy and arachnid-infested so avoided until circumstances proved necessary).
The initial Farm inhabitants were as follows:
• Rock: your humble scribe. The Vertebrate Paleontologist who later transmogrified into a Petroleum Geologist.
• Toivo: the Geochemist and Zymurgist Extraordinaire.
• Hank: the Kung-Fu Structural Geologist (martial arts and faulted terrane guru).
• Chuck: the ‘I don’t know, maybe I’ll go into teaching, right after this beer’ Generic Geologist.
• The Wiz: the Geochemical Geophysicist and Ethanol Earth Scientist, and
• Polack (his self-chosen nickname): the Clastic Sedimentologist and Taste Tester.
This ragtag mob of assorted backgrounds and more assorted future plans rehabilitated The Farm over the span of a scant six weeks. We all had local ties, and questionable but usually serviceable transportation, so appropriation and relocation of needed materials did not pose much of a problem.
Six of the dozen upstairs bedrooms were the first to be gutted, re-painted, re-carpeted and re-invented for the likes of our eclectic crew. Everyone designed their rooms to their own likings and proclivities. Everyone had small drinks refrigerators which were later made redundant by a house-wide pneumatic-hydraulic artesian tap beer delivery system.
We all attacked the common areas: living room, kitchen, mudroom and dining hall; first with steam-cleaning, minor low explosives, and debris removal. Then a bit later, with off-cast freebie hallucination-inducing wallpaper, carpet remnants, and paint scrounged from the basements and garages of all who had family within 200 kilometers.
Toivo’s father (headman of the previous Slip-Slidin’ story) had access to (read: a free hand over) an adjacent county’s stockpile of roadwork materials, fencing and other effects used to keep a rural county running.
So we had a couple loads of surplus Sangamonian river-gravel delivered to re-rock the drives and pathways, several county warehouse pilfered traffic signs (for interior and exterior decoration), a thousand feet and posts of slightly previously owned cyclone fence (to keep out unwanted interlopers) along with various other necessities of pastoral living.
We scrounged the university for various surplus scientific wallcharts and diagrams for covering up the goofs we made during our wallpaper fiasco (hey, it’s harder than it looks).
We had, with permission, procured old and outdated Periodic Tables, ancient pre-world-war World Geographic maps, a veritable pre-metric shitload of varied geological maps of such far-flung arcanities as “The Groundwater Resources of the Pike’s Peak Quadrangle, Colorado”, “The Oligocene White River Badlands of South Dakota”, “Seismicity and Tsunami Danger in and Around Mauna Ula Volcano, Hawaii”, and, of course, basement and surficial geological maps of our own beloved home states.
Call the decorating style: “Early Museum”.
As time progressed, a university-quality chemistry laboratory-grade three-tower continuous distillation unit somehow made its presence known. Constructed of nothing but the finest industrial-grade borosilicate glass, with commercial-grade evaporators, condensers, water baths, electromechanical stirrers, and timer-controlled thermal regulation, it was a veritable boon to our beleaguered student wallets.
It was the more or less exclusive domain of The Wiz. He kept it up and running; ostensibly for the various experiments regarding the deep and vexing inquiries regarding high-quality, high-proof ethanol deliverability from innumerable and varied types of grains, fruits, and other fermentables.
Just a note to novice distillers: skip figs. They ferment, but the distillate of their sugary offerings are nauseating.
The Wiz’s finer offerings to our communal lifestyle included a very serviceable potato vodka, a decent non-Napoleonic brandy, some damned fine rip-your-lungs-out backwoods-style moonshine, a very passable rye whiskey, and a gin that would truly hurt if one were to shave one’s ass and sit in a bowlful.
His crowning achievement (some said it couldn’t be done; others said it shouldn’t be done) was a triply-distilled Mad Dog 20/20.
All of this, at the time, was illegal as hell. But since we didn’t mind and figured as long as one of us was being reasonable…
With Toivo’s expert help, we cleared and leveled a section of the dirt-floored basement and laboriously poured a 5 x 6-meter platen of concrete. We also piped it up for the delivery of fresh water. We similarly somehow took possession of some old grocery store shelving and set up our basement root cellar, food preservation area, and crock-station.
Conveniently a cool 550 F throughout the year, well ventilated (once I blew a small hole in the fieldstone basement wall (we had the owner’s permission…for SCIENCE!)). So once we ran check-valved aeration piping to the surface, it was a fine place to locate our ‘obtained’ ceramic 40-gallon crocks.
There we practiced the age-old tradition of taking full advantage of Farmer’s Markets, railroad salvage, and other cheap dispensaries of surplus vegetal matter. It was initially used for our creation of sauerkraut, dill and sweet pickles, and various attempts at hot sauces (some more successful than others).
Over time, as The Farm’s indigenous population swelled to include international geoscience students; we added kusaya, kimchee, and tofu. For the latter, no one knew why…
We also became dab-hands at making cheese: Mozzarella, Brick, Smoked Gouda, a holey Swiss-type, some sort of sharper-than-a-serpent’s-tooth cheddar…Hell, we were in America’s Dairyland, for Christ’s sake…
Our greatest achievement and most prized cellar possession was the development of our basement in-house brewery.
We assembled a mash tun, brew kettles, fermenters, bottling buckets, keg-station, CO2 tanks, bottling and capping station (most equipment sponged and wheedled from some of the many local in-town breweries). Finally, we were blessed with an old Roper gas stove misappropriated from someone’s grandparent’s basement.
Odd, much of the necessary tubulars, check valves, and other brewery appurtenances were exactly like those found in a university chemistry lab supply room.
Yes. Odd that.
Not yet embroiled in all that pumpkin, blueberry and other ick-flavored craft-beer craziness that would come to blossom over the next decade or so, we produced some generically fine, high-octane lagers, ales, stouts, and porters. Some were even fortified with the end results of our in-house distillery; aptly named “Hangover in a Mason Jar.”
Again, over time as our population swelled with the addition of a more international crowd, we branched out trying (though not always succeeding) to create kvass, kumiss, and kefir.
Acquired tastes, to be certain.
The one thing we never tried was our hand at making wine. First off, no one here was an oenophile. We were a tried-and-true brew-crew. The Foam Town team.
Second, wine is fussy and all that pedigree nonsense about the soil, region, vintage, and associated crapola was a closed book to us. Closed, burned and buried.
Finally, wine took too long to make. And no, making wine from raisins doesn’t decrease aging time.
Now, with the in-house necessities handled, we focused on the outbuildings. Erstwhile chicken coops, sheds, and barns were all fumigated, cleaned-out and repaired for us as our individual labs.
We set up a communal hardware shed for our lawnmowers, snowblowers, shovels and rakes and implements of destruction, hand tools, power tools, a workbench and the like.
Everyone who was so taken could set up their personal shop in one of the adjacent outbuildings.
The furthest outbuilding, a large concrete-walled above-ground cistern-like structure, was converted into a makeshift communal armory. Where else could I store my cannon, dynamite and blasting caps, and Toivo his SeismoGel?
My lab was the quintessential rock lab. Rock tumblers, rock saws, rock polishers, lapidary equipment (all donated by my grandfather who grew weary of his hobby), thin-section equipment, a couple of questionable-origin petrological polarizing stereomicroscopes, a lap table, desk, cadged leather swivel chair, Ham and shortwave radio set-up, coffee pot and a Radio Shack stereo. It was my sanctum sanctorum.
Others designed and decorated their own labs in a similar personal style.
The Wiz had created a fairly creditable chemistry lab of, again, dubious origin.
Toivo set up shop with more county-surplus equipment for doing whatever struck him at the moment.
Polack set up a sedimentology lab with rock crushers, a full Ro-Tap sieving setup, settling tubes and other equipment that made him grin.
Hank set up his lab to include an area where he could store all his weird martial arts weapons, practice all his weird martial arts, and study for exams.
We all had full run of each other’s labs as long as we replaced any used consumables and occasionally took out the trash.
We were all just one, big ethanol-fueled semi-dysfunctional family.
Now, back to our original story.
The Physics farts and Chemistry clowns were especially pernicious that year. The taunts were seemingly never-ending, the insults grew more pointed and I think Hank politely offered to Samurai-squeeze a couple of their heads off once or twice.
But, we are scientists and not wont for physical encounters (there would be a high number of vacant Physics and Chemistry departmental vacancies if we were). In the dead of winter, we approached the Dean of Mathematics and demanded honor on the field of technical battle.
With that, the great Rocket Fuel and Flight Face-Off began.
In precisely two months, the disparate groups would meet on a section of secluded beach, south of the local nuclear plant, on the bordering Great Lake to see who would take top honors in rocket design, rocket fuel development, and rocket flight.
Points would be awarded by an impartial panel of shanghaied scholastics from various non-scientific (mostly Liberal Arts) disciplines and their verdicts were to be final. Simply put, it was a binary decision gate; the highest score grand total won.
It was decided that since the Physics bunch knew doodly-squat about rocket fuel formulation and most Chemists couldn’t build a stable Jenga tower out of Legos, these two clans would be subsumed into one group for the purposes of the competition.
Since Geology embraced Geophysics, Geochemistry, and Geodynamics, our clan was slated to be the other team to go up against the chemical and slide rule crowd.
“You have sixty days from…right now. See you back here then, 0800 sharp.” decreed the Dean of Math.
Let the maps of war be drawn.
Luckily, this was during the winter doldrums down-season of exams and other sorts of scholastic folderol. Most of us in the geology crowd had already completed our course work, experimentation and data futzing; so were just (…just…) grinding out theses and dissertations. This gave us a fairly large-sized chunk of time to work the problem and come up with our solutions.
The brewery and distillery were cranked into emergency-level overtime as we assembled over cookies, cigars, vodka, and beer to plan out our strategies.
Ideas were flung about fast and furiously. What were we going to use for construction materials? What kind of fuels would work the best? How were we to handle the questions of aerodynamics? What about this…? And how about that…? And, yes, another round for all.
I suggested that instead of redesigning the metaphorical wheel, we should look instead to what was readily available. Many hours were spent looking into the availability and viability of aluminum, mild steel, galvanized steel, titanium, cast iron, propellants, oxidizers, chemicals, and machining, welding, brazing or otherwise making stout connections.
Several hours later, we still didn’t have a reasonable plan and enthusiasm began to falter slightly.
Then, Toivo had an inspiration.
He reminded us that a while back several of our cadre had worked for a time at a local machine shop. It was a successful local shop devoted to designing, creating and machining of stainless steel products for the dairy industry. Besides that, we all left amicably due to educational concerns; perhaps, we would be welcomed back.
A few of us made the pilgrimage and were heartily welcomed by Leon and Charlie, the owners and chief machinists of the business. We brought along several bottles of our homebrew beer and liquors, as well as several examples of our fermented and Mason-jarred sauerkraut, pickles, and kimchee; just to grease the wheels, as it were.
They were most pleased to see us and even more pleased with their free food and high-octane beverages.
Over toasts and noshes, we explained our predicament.
“Well, fellas. Remember? We always have a large supply of off-cast stainless tubulars, sheets, and bar stock. We report them as damaged or destroyed, are compensated by the steel mills and usually just wait until we have enough of a pile to drag off to the scrapyard. You’re more than welcome to scavenge anything you need for this little adventure” proposed Leon.
“Whoa, thanks much Leon. However, we still have a bit of a hitch when it comes to dealing with machining and welding stainless back at The Farm”, I replied.
“Hell, you guys were pretty damned good machinists for college boys,” noted Charlie.
Not to brag too much, but I was a virtuoso on both the Ghisholdt Cridan-B turret lathe and Hardinge AHC automatic chucker.
Leon continues: “Tell you what, since you helped us out with Fred (the new warehouse building) back a few years (which required a lot of free-overtime doing loads of dangerous scutwork), you can build your gizmos here. In fact, I’ll get some of the older guys here to give you a hand with the welding and fabrication. They’ll love something different to do for a change.”
We were off to the races.
The Wiz spent much of his time in the library boning up on rocket propellants. With my explosives background, I aided in his research.
Several of us made field trips to the shop trying to figure out what would be the best design for our rocket.
First, we went through the scrap pile to see what was available for this project.
We ended up with loads of various diameters, metallurgy, and wall thickness stainless steel tubing. Buckets of bar stock, heaps of hex stock and varied valves, milk weights, and innumerable other odds-and-bobs from the machine shop reject pile.
We decided that since we had a variety of diameter and thickness stainless tubing, we should construct a multi-stage rocket.
We would worry less about the electronics, guidance, and telemetry, and more on the brute-force of having the rocket fly more or less straight as one stage ignites the next. Simple timer circuits and hard-wiring of events were chosen over late-last century computer thingamajigs.
A sound application of the KISS (Keep It Simple, Stupid) Principle.
Since I had worked at the local museum (back during my Goldie <sniff> period), I remembered that the sub-sub-sub-basement was used as a Midwestern storage facility for the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions data. There was container after container after container of reports, schematics and documents from these programs, presumably sent here for storage and archival.
I approached the Head Curator of the museum; he remembered me well (I wasn’t certain at the time if that was a good or bad omen). I asked if it would be possible to go through the manifests of said containers to search for pertinent information.
He thought I was referring to some form of geological information, but I had other ideas in mind. He told me that there was no problem, but everything must remain intact; however, copies of any documents would be fine if I was willing to pay for the reproductions.
Thus round two of our Race for Space began.
A week or so into this little project, it became apparent that everyone involved had different ideas of how to proceed. A little scientific rivalry erupted between geoscientists.
Hank and Polack were sold on solid-rocket boosters. He maintained that we should build a rocket with one massive central solid-fueled rocket and several bolt-on outrigger boosters. These could be fired first, detached, and then the central engine could be lit-off for parts unknown. Since brewing up the propellant was a cast-iron cinch: whip it up as a liquid, pour it into the reaction chamber and wait until it solidifies, this was obviously the way to proceed.
Chuck and The Wiz campaigned for ultra-pressure cold gas propellant. They noted the lack of fire hazard, the ability to shut it down in case of emergency (as opposed to solid fuel; which once started, could not be shut down), relatively lower cost and somewhat lower danger level. True, it was lower in effective thrust than other forms of propulsion, but we could fabricate a large series of interconnected tanks for the rocket stages.
Toivo and I were dead set on liquid-fueled propulsion. True, it was more exotic, more expensive, more dangerous, and therefore much more fun; but it, too, could also be shut down in case of emergency. There were many more possibilities of developing a workable mixture given the myriad types of oxidizers and propellants which were tried and previously proven reliable.
The debating and arguments waged well into the late-night until Polack came up with the brainstorm that saved the day.
We should make a 3-stage hybrid rocket, each stage featuring one of our preferred propellants.
Hours later, once the toasts died down, we now began to argue over whose fuel would go where.
Employing the scientific method, and lots of vodka, cigars, Chicken-in-a-Biscuit, and beer; it was determined that the first stage would be the cold-gas ultra-pressure liftoff stage.
Though it produced the least amount of thrust of the three methods, we could fabricate (according to NASA data) a double-walled Dewar cryo-containment system out of stainless steel with enough oomph to initiate liftoff. We would get off the pad, then fully airborne, build some velocity, and put the next-in-line flammable nasties out over the lake.
Side Note: the launch pad was on a fairly secluded Great Lake arenaceous beach, out of commercial, military, or UFO flight paths. It was also during the season of zero swimmers, even less pleasure boating, and broken patterned ice floes; fully 160 km (100 miles) from the opposite shore.
The second stage was the solid-fuel section. There would be a central solid-fuel core and 8 detachable smaller-diameter exterior solid-fuel rocket boosters. Plans were, once the craft was airborne with some velocity, to dump the first stage, ignite the external boosters, and burn them to termination. They would then be jettisoned, where the central core power plant would be fired off.
With this, we would be able to extract the most height and velocity for those two stages and set the stage for, if you’ll pardon me, the next stage.
The penultimate stage was to be our liquid-fueled system. This was due to the inherent instability of trinary liquids, heightened danger level of catastrophic failure, and would put the contraption as far away as possible when the stuff finally lit off (pre-designed to be hypergolic, ignition was not necessary).
Also, if all this did work, it would provide the highest degree of thrust impulse of all the fuels and push our project closer to Angel’s Eleven.
With that, we had to construct a hybrid power plant consisting of two resilient tanks of fairly vicious chemicals: one of the oxidizer and one of the bipropellant. From this, we needed to fabricate the various plumbing and other bits and pieces to make this thing work. This would take us to the final stage.
The ultimate stage was one of my own design but heartily approved and applauded by all involved.
It was to be a deftly machined stainless steel nose-cone tightly packed with some seriously high-explosives (probably C-4, gelignite, and primacord) along with copper, magnesium, aluminum, and iron powdered-metals. It was intended to be a blazing deafening and polychromatic finale of our attempt at geoaerodynamics and supersonic flight.
No matter how you sliced it, this was truly going to be a one-way trip. No need for parachutes, recovery systems, or any of that tat. Simplifies everything.
With that, construction began on everyone’s own particular stage.
The first stage was built of stoutest 20” OD (outside diameter) martensitic stainless grade 420. An internal pressure vessel of 18” OD was fabricated at the machine shop. All this was mated together, with precision valves and nozzles for optimum propulsion. Thanks to NASA schematics, stainless coupling rings and reducers were fabricated for each stage.
“How are you going to separate each stage? You’re keeping the build to bare bones, so is it going to be mechanical or electrical?” Zeke, an old-time machinist asked.
“It’ll be both. How about we fabricate some exploding bolts?”
“Now, that sound like fun” came the reply.
Drilling out the fasteners was a mere dottle.
Finding the right amount and type of explosives to achieve separation and not obliteration, was a little more trial-and-error. Note: gelignite and primacord is not a good idea…
We decided to try certain easily available compressed gases to power the first and largest stage. (Note: I’m not about to get into any real specifics of the build for fear of cranky foreign countries appropriating our ideas and to wait for the statute of limitations to expire).
That being said, it was the result of more trial-and-error experimentation, but finally, our best outcome was established with ultra-insanely-compressed [BLEEP] gas. Still, worry pervaded that this wasn’t going to be enough oomph to get the final monstrosity of the launch pad.
The second stage was more straightforward. Thanks to NASA documentation, we opted for a fairly easily concoct-able mixture of common, easily obtainable (if you have access to a university chemistry storeroom) constituents which were not terribly toxic, somewhat stable and meted-out mega-newtons of thrust.
The central solid-fuel core was an easy construct (though we had to use dual insulated heavier-wall tubing internally so we would not experience a catastrophic burn-through) but the external SRBs (solid rocket boosters) were trickier to construct.
The needed to be light, strong and thermally stable. Temperatures in excess of 12000 C were going to be generated and stainless would be mostly metallic mush by the time the external SRB was half-way through a burn.
One of the old-timers with the shop, who really liked free beer and my cigars, rescued us by pulling a few strings, calling in some debts and procuring for us aviation-grade titanium tubing. We didn’t ask how, we didn’t ask where, but we were most appreciative and kept him swimming in homebrew until the end of the project.
We also decided that since we had ample supply, we’d outfit the first stage with eight or so external SRBs, to give us the necessary initial push off the pad. These we welded on, as they were never intended to be removable like those on stage two.
That left the fabrication of Toivo’s and mine seriously evil near-final stage. Stage 3, liquid fuel, potentially the greatest thrust and certainly the greatest danger. We scoured the NASA documentation and couldn’t find one recipe that was within our reach.
I decided to call NASA (I had some contacts at the Lunar Receiving Laboratories), explaining our predicament, but all I received were pointed and brusque return phone calls from the FBI, the DOD, and FAA.
I was able to convince them that this was a special project for our university, we were student scientists, and there was nothing untoward. The let us off with stiff warnings and remarks that our conversations would forever be noted in their files.
Thinking back, it was probably a good thing the ATF never got involved. They’d have wet themselves copiously and in unison over our distilling-brewing operations.
Resigned to our fates, we tried every sort of concoction upon which we could lay our hands.
Little success and less progress.
On to Part 2...
submitted by Rocknocker to Rocknocker [link] [comments]

MAME 0.204

MAME 0.204

After a busy four weeks, we’re ready to present the hotly-anticipated MAME 0.204 release. The most exciting stuff this month is definitely on the computer emulation side. We’ve added dozens of working cartridges to the BBC ROM software list, and ROMs required by expansion devices are handled more elegantly. Our HP9000/300 series emulation just keeps getting better: it’s now possible to install and use HP-UX 9, with X11 and the Vue desktop environment on an emulated HP9000/370 with accelerated window drawing and Ethernet networking support. There’s also been some progress on the road to Silicon Graphics workstation emulation. On top of that, we’re seeing preliminary emulation of standalone X Window System terminals.
Thanks to MAME’s modular, device-oriented architecture, improvements for one machine go on to benefit other machines using similar hardware. The Motorola 68k memory management unit improvements that allow HP-UX to run on the HP9000/300 series will also benefit Mac, NeXT and early Sun systems. The same AMD LANCE Ethernet controller is used in HP and Sun workstations, X11 terminals, the Amiga A2065 Zorro card, and numerous applications. This gives us a wealth of test cases, and a virtuous cycle where progress on one system can lead to a breakthrough on another.
With this release, all Tiger game.com games are fully playable. Two more Nintendo Game & Watch titles, Climber and Tropical Fish, have been emulated. XaviX-based TV game emulation continues to progress steadily: numerous e-kara karaoke cartridges have been dumped, preliminary sound output emulation has been implemented (sorry, no microphone support yet, but you can hear the tunes), and more systems have inputs connected.
Graphical effects in the bootleg arcade driving game Blomby Car have been improved, and bad dumps of graphics ROMs for Abnormal Check and the Korean version of Prehistoric Isle have been replaced. As always, you’ll enjoy support for more alternate versions of arcade games (including a version of Pinball Action that shows scores on external LED displays), bug fixes, and general emulation improvements.
You can read a more detailed account of this month’s changes in the whatsnew.txt file, or get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to emulation [link] [comments]

MAME 0.204

MAME 0.204

After a busy four weeks, we’re ready to present the hotly-anticipated MAME 0.204 release. The most exciting stuff this month is definitely on the computer emulation side. We’ve added dozens of working cartridges to the BBC ROM software list, and ROMs required by expansion devices are handled more elegantly. Our HP9000/300 series emulation just keeps getting better: it’s now possible to install and use HP-UX 9, with X11 and the Vue desktop environment on an emulated HP9000/370 with accelerated window drawing and Ethernet networking support. There’s also been some progress on the road to Silicon Graphics workstation emulation. On top of that, we’re seeing preliminary emulation of standalone X Window System terminals.
Thanks to MAME’s modular, device-oriented architecture, improvements for one machine go on to benefit other machines using similar hardware. The Motorola 68k memory management unit improvements that allow HP-UX to run on the HP9000/300 series will also benefit Mac, NeXT and early Sun systems. The same AMD LANCE Ethernet controller is used in HP and Sun workstations, X11 terminals, the Amiga A2065 Zorro card, and numerous applications. This gives us a wealth of test cases, and a virtuous cycle where progress on one system can lead to a breakthrough on another.
With this release, all Tiger game.com games are fully playable. Two more Nintendo Game & Watch titles, Climber and Tropical Fish, have been emulated. XaviX-based TV game emulation continues to progress steadily: numerous e-kara karaoke cartridges have been dumped, preliminary sound output emulation has been implemented (sorry, no microphone support yet, but you can hear the tunes), and more systems have inputs connected.
Graphical effects in the bootleg arcade driving game Blomby Car have been improved, and bad dumps of graphics ROMs for Abnormal Check and the Korean version of Prehistoric Isle have been replaced. As always, you’ll enjoy support for more alternate versions of arcade games (including a version of Pinball Action that shows scores on external LED displays), bug fixes, and general emulation improvements.
You can read a more detailed account of this month’s changes in the whatsnew.txt file, or get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to MAME [link] [comments]

MAME 0.186 has been released!

MAME 0.186

It’s been one of those long, five-week development cycles, but it’s finally time for your monthly MAME fix. There’s been a lot of touched in this release, with improvements in a number of areas. But before we get to the improvements, we have an embarrassing admission to make: the game added in 0.185 as Acchi Muite Hoi is actually Pata Pata Panic, and the sound ROM mapping was incorrect, making the game unplayable. That’s all sorted out now though, thanks to occasional contributor k2.
New working arcade games include Epos Revenger ’84, Jockey Club II, Hashire Patrol Car, the Mega Play version of Gunstar Heroes, and the much-awaited Taito Classic Space Cyclone. Improvements to emulation make Legionnaire and Heated Barrel fully playable at long last, and Megatouch XL 6000 is working in this release. There are also plenty of new versions of supported games, including a world release of the puzzle game Star Sweep, the Taito licensed version of Bagman, the Japanese release of Top Landing, the Italian release of Penky, and European bootlegs of Amidar and Phoenix. We’ve got some exciting improvements to supported arcade games this month, too. Sound effects for Universal’s Cheeky Mouse are now supported, and the analog section of the melody synthesiser used in Zaccaria’s Jack Rabbit and Money Money has been implemented, although it’s still missing the cassa (bass drum) sound at the moment. We need schematics and quality PCB photos to add support for analog sound synthesis in more games, so if you find any we’d really appreciate if you could send them our way.
New working home/handheld games include Jungle Soft Zone 60, Gradius, Lone ranger, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Top Gun, and the Game & Watch titles Mario’s Cement Factory, Boxing, Donkey Kong II and Mickey & Donald. The CoCo Games master cartridge is supported as a CoCo slot device, support for the French Minitel 2 terminal has been added (thanks to Jean-François Del Nero), and there’s some more progress on the InterPro systems from Patrick Mackinlay. Peripherals for the TI-99 home computer family have been overhauled, making the PEB a slot device that plugs into the I/O port – this will require changes to your configuration if you use this family of computers.
Finally, the -listroms verb supports device sets (e.g. mpu401 or m68705p3), -listroms, -verifyroms and -listxml support multiple patterns on the command line, -verifyroms is much faster when a small number of sets are specified, and the romcmp tool has seen several improvements.
Get the source/Windows binaries from the download page and enjoy all the improvements. Thanks for continuing to use and support the one and only MAME.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

Clones promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Translations added or modified

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to emulation [link] [comments]

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